The 15 types of Narcissism (and their characteristics)
Narcissism is a concept that we generally use too lightly. It is common to hear how people refer to themselves or talk about others as if they were narcissists, believing that this appeals to any situation in which they have an inordinate ego. But this is not so. Narcissism and self-centeredness are not synonymous at all.
And is that when we talk about narcissism, we are talking about a personality disorder, not a trait. A mental disorder that those who suffer from it experience an inordinate sense of their own importance, a deep need for attention and admiration, an evident lack of empathy for the people with whom they live and an excessive value of themselves.
A narcissistic person exaggerates their accomplishments and talents, displaying delusions of grandeur and deep arrogance that masks a fragile self-esteem. Unrealistic feelings of greatness, arrogance, superiority, and fantasies of success and power. This is the basis for this pathological condition that has a profound negative impact on the relationships of the person at both a personal and professional level.
Now, do all narcissistic people have the same traits associated with this personality disorder? No. Not much less. And it is that depending on the way in which the "symptomatology" is expressed, narcissism can be classified into different types. And in today's article, from the hand of the most prestigious scientific publications and with the will to raise awareness that narcissism is not a personality trait, but a disorder, we are going to analyze the different profiles of narcissistic people.
What kinds of narcissists are there?
A narcissistic person is one who suffers from a personality disorder described as narcissism. A mental pathology based on a pathological devotion to one's own image, with the belief that everything is allowed, with a deep selfishness, with a lack of empathy, with delusions of grandeur, with the constant need for admiration and attention, with an excessive value of himself and with an inordinate sense of own importance.
All narcissists are self-centered, but narcissism and self-centeredness are not synonymous. Egocentricity is simply a personality trait; narcissism, a disorder. Also, while a self-centered person does not need the approval of others, a narcissist does. And he develops toxic behaviors when he perceives that he does not receive the praise and admiration that, according to him, he deserves.
Now, beyond these general definitions, the truth is that all the psychology behind narcissistic personality disorder hides many nuances that are important to know. Therefore, below we are going to describe the traits of the main recognized types of narcissism. Let us begin.
1. Powerful narcissist
The powerful narcissist is one who, as the main feature of personality disorder, needs to continually demonstrate superiority. In this form of narcissism, the will to subdue others prevails by continually showing its power. These narcissists find pleasure when the people around them become submissive to them. They like to be in control of what happens and enjoy seeing how others are subjected to their will and command.
2. Fantasy narcissist
The fantasy narcissist is one who lives in an imaginary world where his image of himself corresponds to his fantasies. This form of narcissism is characterized because people, realizing that they really are mediocre in their life, need to solve, through constant fantasizing, solve this incongruity between what they think they are and what they really are in their day-to-day lives. . They escape from reality through their fantasies where they are as they would like to be.
3. Dependent narcissist
The dependent narcissist is one who constantly seek the attention, validation, and admiration of others. As we have said, this need is a common trait in all narcissistic profiles, but it is especially evident in this form of narcissism. They feel they need special treatment and get frustrated when they don't get all the approval they think they deserve. They have an extreme need for external admiration and consider it "unfair" not to receive it.
4. Narcissistic trickster
The trickster narcissist is one in whom the psychological profile associated with the personality disorder is mainly based on deceive others for personal gain. It is, surely, the form of narcissism most associated with psychopathy, since they take pleasure in lying and playing with other people. They consider their ability to deceive others to be enviable.
5. Narcissistic lover
The loving narcissist is one whose Narcissistic Personality Disorder traits become especially relevant and destructive in relationships. Their excessive appreciation of their own image means that they do not tolerate a love relationship that is not idyllic and perfect and that they develop toxic attitudes linked to jealousy: question the partner, check the mobile, do not tolerate rejection ...
He makes his partner believe that he will never find anyone as perfect as him and that he loves her so much, idealizing the relationship and himself. They do not tolerate imperfections in the relationship or problems. And when these appear, they are unwilling to adopt a constructive mindset.
6. Body-centered narcissist
The body-centered narcissist is one who centers the traits of narcissism in an overestimation of your physical appearance, considering that he has a "perfect body" that all people would like to have. This excessive and distorted appreciation of one's own aesthetics is also reflected in the constant need to receive compliments. His fragile self-esteem is totally linked to his image, obsessing over his body.
7. Narcissistic martyr
The narcissistic martyr is one who builds his entire personality around the projection of being a victim or survivor of some horrible event. To seek constant attention, he focuses on his pain, pretending that his wounds will never heal. Thus, he becomes a martyr seeking attention all the time, exaggerating his pain and viewing his existence as a sacrifice.
8. Narcissistic savior
The narcissist savior is one who projects an image to others of be a person with the power to transform lives. They come to consider themselves "special entities" capable of helping and changing people's lives, proclaiming themselves as the only ones capable of such a thing. And although they seem altruistic, they always have the intention of getting something in return.
9. Angry narcissist
The raging narcissist is one in whom the personality disorder is projected with an excessive and toxic hypersensitivity that causes that, at the slightest offense, have fits of rage. They are unable to control their emotions and have a minimal tolerance for frustration when they consider (be it real or imagined) that someone has disrespected them.
10. Narcissistic scammer
The con artist narcissist is one who projects a charming personality but, in reality, hides a great egoism, because only uses his people skills to exploit others. In addition, an important trait is that his self-esteem increases a lot when he perceives that he has been able to use other people using his charm. They consider that they are above the norms of morality.
11. Unconscious narcissist
The unconscious narcissist is one who is characterized by deny all your weaknesses. He has a totally distorted image of himself, with a toxic attitude of grandiosity, arrogance, arrogance and self-glorification.
12. Vulnerable narcissist
The vulnerable narcissist is the one who is most detached from the idea we have of a person with narcissism. And it is that although you need constant attention, this does not happen because you want to feel admired, but because have deep feelings of inferiority.
13. Undercover narcissist
The covert narcissist is one who does not project the self-image of narcissism but who, being especially controlling, not very empathetic and distrustful, tends to approach others to, using their charm, satisfy their needs for external admiration.
14. Impulsive narcissist
The impulsive narcissist is one who has very disproportionate responses to what happens to them, without filtering your emotions or feelings. They have a very low tolerance for frustration and in the face of any contempt, they begin to create an internal climate of hostility that, although it is not always projected with verbal or physical violence (like the angry narcissist), it does cause them to have many problems to establish healthy relationships with other people and who have a tendency to get into conflict and problems due to misunderstandings. They don't filter what they do or what they say.
15. Perverse narcissist
The perverse narcissist is one to whom all the characteristics of narcissism should be added a part of "evil." And it is that these people act in a perverse way towards others without thinking about the consequences that their evil acts can have on people. So that, will misbehave towards people around them, controlling them and being hostile and vindictive when they do not suit their demands.