The amino acids are substances whose molecules are formed by a carboxyl group and a amino group. About twenty of the amino acids are the essential elements of proteins.
When two amino acids establish a combination within a cell, a reaction occurs between the carboxyl group and the amino group of the other. This is how a molecule of H2O and a peptide bond: what remains of both amino acids gives rise to a dipeptide. The union of a third amino acid generates a tripeptide. As amino acids are added, different peptides are created (that is, different molecules created by the joining of amino acids through peptide bonds).
The long chain of amino acids related in this way is called polypeptide. If the polypeptide has a stable three-dimensional structure already defined and its molecular mass is more than 5,000 amu, the polypeptide is known as protein.
It should be mentioned that the carboxyl group joins the amino group through the same carbon (the alpha carbon). To this carbon is attached a chain whose structure varies (the side chain) and a hydrogen, generating the different amino acids. The variety of side chains causes multiple types of amino acids to exist.
An amino acid, in short, is composed of the alpha carbon to which a carboxyl group, an amino group, a side chain and a hydrogen are attached. The amino acids obtained through feeding are the essential amino acids, as the lysine, the leucine and the arginine. The amino acids that the body can synthesize on its own, on the other hand, are the non-essential amino acids: the tyrosine, the wisteria, the glutamic acid and others.
Starting from all the above, we can understand to some extent the value of amino acids. However, let's focus a little more by stating that these are the main reasons they are so vital:
-They are responsible for optimizing in the best possible way the storage of essential elements for the body such as vitamins, proteins, water, fats ...
-They proceed to carry out the transport of nutrients.
-They are also essential elements against aging, osteoporosis, cholesterol or even diabetes, for example.
Among the most relevant amino acids that are worth taking into consideration, due to the important role they play, are these:
-Leucine. It increases the production of what is growth hormone, reduces blood sugar levels and improves healing.
-Alanine, which notably strengthens the immune system.
-Cysteine, which facilitates recovery after undergoing surgery or having suffered a burn. In the same way, it delays aging.
-The taurine, which has the important service of regulating the state of mind. In the same way, it proceeds to reduce body fat, to improve melanin production and even to fight against certain adverse situations. Among these are from a considerable drop in libido to severe headaches or depression.
-Glutamine. Of this amino acid we can highlight that it is not only the most present in what are the muscles but that it serves to prevent the wear of these as well as to improve the digestive system.